Remuda Ranch Programs For Eating And Anxiety Disorders Reports Need For Increasing Awareness Of Eating Disorders In Males
As many as five to ten million males in the U.S. struggle quietly with an eating disorder because they're ashamed to admit they have the illness, reports Remuda Ranch Programs for Eating and Anxiety Disorders. Healthcare professionals, family members and close friends often are unaware of the high-risk behaviors in males that may signify an eating disorder. Therefore, effective intervention is often not available to the male population. "It is a reality that boys and men do have eating disorders and ignoring the problem may only allow it to get to a life threatening state, " said Sam Lample, therapist and assistant clinical director of ReddStone, A Remuda Program for Boys.
Two new specialist teams will be set up to improve diagnosis, care and support for people with eating disorders in Wales, Health Minister Edwina Hart officially announced. The new teams - for North Wales and South Wales - will comprise of specialist clinicians and work closely with existing services such as GPs surgeries, social services, child and adolescent mental health services and community mental health teams. Additional funding has been allocated to deliver this plan. Â 0.5 million will be available this year for the recruitment of additional staff and extra training. After that, Â 1 million will be available every year to sustain and develop services.
Sufferers of eating disorders have problems with certain mental tasks; this is the finding of a comprehensive overview of studies examining the link between cognitive deficits and eating disorders, published online in the Journal of Neuropsychology today, 22nd July 2009. Professor Konstantine Zakzanis from the University of Toronto carried out an analysis of 27 studies that investigated the thinking of 608 anorexia nervosa sufferers, and 14 studies of 347 bulimia nervosa patients to look for consistent patterns in cognitive deficits. Professor Zakzanis said: "Over the last 30 years, many psychological studies have tested people with anorexia or bulimia on tasks such as decision making, verbal memory and reaction times and have found that people with eating disorders perform worse than people who don't have an eating disorder.
New imaging technology provides insight into abnormalities in the brain circuitry of patients with anorexia nervosa (commonly known as anorexia) that may contribute to the puzzling symptoms found in people with the eating disorder. In a review paper published on line in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Walter Kaye, MD, professor of psychiatry and director of the Eating Disorders Program at the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues describe dysfunction in certain neural circuits of the brain which may help explain why people develop anorexia in the first place, and behaviors such as the relentless pursuit of dieting and weight loss. "Currently, we don't have very effective means of treating people with anorexia, " said Kaye.
Overconsumption of fatty, sugary foods leads to changes in brain receptors, according to new animal research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The new research results are being presented at the 2009 annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), July 28 - August 1, 2009, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior. The results have implications for understanding bulimia and other binge eating disorders. Dr. Bello and colleagues report that either continuous eating or binge eating a high fat, high sugar diet alters opioid receptor levels in an area of the brain that controls food intake.
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have shown that intermittent access to foods rich in fat and sugar induces changes in the brain which are comparable to those observed in drug dependence. The findings, reported in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, may explain how abstinence from these foods contributes to relapse eating among dieters as well as related eating disorders. Forms of obesity and eating disorders can be defined as chronic relapsing conditions with alternating periods of abstinence (dieting to avoid "forbidden" foods-rich in sugar and fat also known as palatable foods) and relapse (compulsive, often uncontrollable, eating of highly-palatable foods) that continue despite negative consequences.
University of Minnesota Project Eating Among Teens (EAT) researchers have identified factors that may increase overweight adolescents' risk of engaging in extreme weight control behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, the use of diet pills, laxatives, and diuretics, as well as binge eating. Overweight youth with certain socio-environmental, psychological, and behavioral tendencies, such as reading magazine articles about dieting, reporting a lack of family connectedness, placing a high importance on weight, and reporting having participated in unhealthy weight control behaviors, are more likely to suffer from eating disorders. Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Ph.
Anorexic patients drastically reduce food intake and are often not capable of changing their behavior. This can lead to life-threatening weight loss. Using MRI technology, scientists at Heidelberg University Hospital have discovered for the first time processes in brain metabolism that explain this disturbed eating behavior. The research work of the Department of Psychosomatic and General Internal Medicine at Heidelberg University Hospital (Medical Director: Professor Dr. Wolfgang Herzog) arose in cooperation with the Heidelberg University Hospitals of General Psychiatry and Neurology. The results of the study were published in the prestigious American Journal of Psychiatry in June 2009.
Stomach Pacemakers Help Kids Keep Food Down - Implanted Device Uses Electronic Stimulators To Regulate Digestion
Sixteen year-old Emma Geiger has passed a lot of time in hospital waiting rooms. For years, doctors called her back time and again, trying to figure out why she got sick, nearly every time she ate. It got so bad, Emma was forced to leave high school and take classes online. "I mean every day, I'd call my dad up at work and say, 'Oh, I only threw up 7 times today' - and that was, like, an accomplishment, " says Emma. Then Emma came to Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio - where doctors told her the answer to her stomach problems might be a pacemaker surgically implanted under the skin with electrical wires leading to her stomach. It's a high tech device with one simple function.
For emotional eaters, food is a best friend, there to boost sprits, calm stress and alleviate boredom. But according to the August issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource, emotional eating often leads to eating too much, especially high-calorie, sweet, salty and fatty foods. Women are especially prone to emotional eating -- and then feel guiltier and less healthy than men do after snacking on "forbidden" foods. The connection between stress and eating likely has roots in brain chemistry. Faced with a real threat, the fight-or-flight reaction kicks in and suppresses appetite temporarily. But when faced with persistent stress -- health problems, difficult relationships or too much work -- many people turn to high-fat, high-calorie foods for comfort.