Medical Articles

What Did It Mean to Be a Member of Victorian Society?

The term Victorian society might be generally applied to any middle class Victorian family that could afford to take part in the expanding social activities of the day. There is another meaning to the term society in Victorian England and that is the term Society (note the capital S) referred to a group of families that were either royalty, titled aristocracy (Dukes, Duchesses, Earl's etc.) or established land owners. Some prominent politicians, wealthy merchants, doctors and other professional people were also included as a part of Society. Although it is not that clear (unless born to) as to how one got into this elite group it is estimated that approximately 10, 000 (from around 1, 500 families) made up this group in Victorian England.

Australian Aboriginal and Immigrant Relationship Explored Through Art

The Edge of the Trees is a sculpture outside the history museum in Sydney Australia. 29 tall wooden poles representing trees are stuck randomly into the ground. At one point 29 different groups of aboriginal people lived in the Sydney area. The words on some of the poles are the names of aboriginal people and places. Other poles have bits of human hair, shell, bone, feathers and ash embedded in them and as you walk among them you hear a soundscape of voices talking in a Australian First Nations language called Koori. The installation Edge of the Trees is an artistic representation of the January day in 1778 when the first fleet of ships filled with convicts and soldiers from Britain arrived in Sydney.

Buttons - History Up to the 18th Century

Apart from the fabric (and the tag), what do you usually see on your clothes? It is probably the most common embellishment it. You may not have noticed it because of its functionality. You don't really think of it as an extra or notice the design. Give up? It's the button. The word comes from France, bouton. It means a bud, protuberance or a round object. It's a very descriptive word for the object itself. The button is usually used as a small fastener in clothes. Sometimes, it is an ornament. It adorns clothes, sheets, bags, wallets and upholstery. Modern buttons are commonly made of plastic. But when the button was invented, plastic did not exist yet.

Famous Pirate Shipwreck: The Whydah Galley

The Whydah Galley ship first travelled from London in 1715, it had three masts, was 31 metres tall and could reach 13 knots. It was named after a West African barter town, Ouidah. The ship is best known as Whydah and was built for transport and trading. The vessel was used in the Atlantic slave trade where goods were transported from England and exchanged for West African slaves. These slaves were taken to the Caribbean on the ship and exchanged for prestigious items such as sugar, indigo metals and medicinal ingredients. In 1717 the Whydah was attacked by pirates associated with Samuel Bellamy - known as Black Sam. At the time of attack the ship was under the authority of Captain Lawrence Prince.

The Mighty and Immortal Chinese Horse

When it comes to the Asian horse collectibles, a very famous horse owes both its unique history and fascinating mythology exclusively to China. Naturally, the type being referenced is the Chinese horse which dates back thousands of years. Its history began during the early times of the Chinese empire. It goes without saying that horses have captured the hearts, even including intimate thoughts, of humans throughout the world. This is due to their grace, power, and beauty. So the love of the horse is no less strong in the experiences of all Asian civilizations than it is anywhere else. However, the symbolism of the Chinese horse remains very dominant in particular.

Dr Hua Tuo and a Jail Guard

There is always a point where legend or myth takes shape as the beginning of history, as if there were an overlapping period between myth and history. This transit time is rather long, longer than people often imagine. Some people lived in the transition period as legend became historically proven fact. Dr. Hua Tuo was one of these. He was a legendary physician in ancient China. His birth year is unknown; his death, according to records, was in 208 AD. He was a doctor who performed surgery in the early third century, and he was the first doctor to use anesthesia for his surgeries in China. He treated and cured several historical figures who would have died without his care.

Bellerophon and Chimera Greek Mythological Creature

The Chimera (or sometimes spelled as Chimaera) was a monstrous beast that can breath fire in Greek mythology. There have been many descriptions of how the creature looks but in most descriptions it is part goat, lion and snake (sometimes even dragon). The Chimera is the youngest daughter of Echidna and Typhon. Chimera is female and is said to be the last child the two had together. Its siblings include other famous Greek Monsters such as the Cerberus, the Sphinx and Ladon. Merely seeing the Chimera was a bad omen. This Greek monster appeared regularly before disasters such as violent storms, volcanic eruptions and shipwrecks. The King Iobates had been looking for a brave warrior to slay the extremely dangerous Chimera who had been ravaging the countryside of Lycia in Anatolia.

Military Swords to Handguns - An Evolution on the Battlefield

In addition to Sharon's and my novels, I write about a great many things. Frequently, I write about swords and about handguns. In the military context, both swords and handguns have utility beyond mere use as a weapon. They have been and still are symbols of leadership. In battle, the officer leading his unit into the fray frequently hasn't the luxury of carrying a rifle with fixed bayonet. Often, he needs to have a hand free, either for hand and arm signals, or, in some cases in the past, prepping a whistle for command signals. During the "modern" era of United States horse-mounted cavalry, the handgun would be worn on the right side of the belt, holstered butt forward.

Symbols: Birds, The Black Swan, and Ducks

"The Black Swan" garners 5 academy award nominations: best picture, best actress, best director, best cinematography, and best film editing. The movie, in this season, is the talk of popular culture. Natalie Portman wins Best Actress, and Darren Aronofsky wins Best Director. It also gets the Best Ensemble Screen Actor's Guild nomination. Many viewers comment that the story comes so sad. Wenzi, a young professional says, " The after-effect feeling got a grip." Macmac, a trader says, "It is a true work of art." A. The plot is a drama-thriller that shows more symbolism. Focusing on the feather that grows from the body, twitching sizes, colors, and scenes freeze a picture in the mind creating an effect of something real and felt.

Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America

Jefferson Davis was elected as the only President of the Confederate States of America on February 9, 1861. Davis was born June 3, 1808 in Kentucky, and grew up on a successful Mississippi cotton plantation. He was the youngest of ten children born to Samuel and Jane Davis. His schooling included Transylvania University. Following his 1828 graduation from West Point, Davis served in the infantry. In 1835 he married Sarah, the daughter of Zachary Taylor. They moved from Wisconsin to Mississippi. Within 3 months, Sarah and Jefferson contracted malaria. Sarah died of the disease. Davis recovered but the combination of the disease and grief, left him in poor health which plagued him all of his life.

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