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The Importance of Magnesium in Nutrition

Magnesium is a very important mineral in the human diet. It serves a variety of metabolic functions. It also plays important roles in muscle contraction and relaxation as well as in protein and enzyme synthesis. Insufficient or too much magnesium in the body can lead to several diseases.

Deficiency in magnesium has recently been attributed to osteoporosis. Researches have shown that diets with just the right amount of the mineral can lead to better bone health. Magnesium is believed to play a major role in the metabolism of calcium, the main component of the bone's support structure. However, it has not yet been determined what the exact role of magnesium is.

Blood pressure regulation is another important function of magnesium. Diets that include a lot of vegetables and fruits, which are high in magnesium, have been found to help prevent hypertension.

Magnesium is important in the metabolism of carbohydrates. It influences the production and secretion of insulin, the main hormone responsible for controlling the glucose levels in the blood. Magnesium, therefore, can help prevent diabetes. It has been shown that people suffering from hyperglycemia, a condition wherein blood glucose level is very high, are unable to retain sufficient amounts of magnesium.

Lastly, magnesium is important in preventing cardiovascular diseases. It has been shown to that sufficient levels of magnesium in the blood can prevent coronary diseases. Low magnesium levels, on the other hand, can increase the risk of having abnormal heart rhythms and complications after suffering from heart attack.

Aside from the things mentioned above, magnesium has other functions in the body. It is only necessary for us to watch what we eat to make sure that we are getting enough of this very important nutrient.


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