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For Menstrual Pain, NSAIDs May Be More Effective Than Paracetamol

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen may be more effective for relieving period pain than paracetamol, according to the update of a Cochrane Review. However, it remains unclear whether any one NSAID is safer or more effective than others. Period pain affects a high proportion of women: up to 72% in a recent Australian survey of 16-49 year olds. It is thought to be caused by an excess or imbalance of certain hormones released by the body during menstrual periods, including one called prostaglandin. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen are commonly used for period pain. The updated review includes data from 73 trials carried out in 18 different countries and involving a total of 5, 156 women.

Officials Debate Merits Of Medical Marijuana As Coping Tool In Pain Fight

As access to medical marijuana becomes more widespread, officials are debating its use as a pain-coping treatment and are easing rules for the sick to use the drug, The Wall Street Journal reports. "The U.S. Department of Justice has said it will not generally prosecute ill people under doctors' care whose use of the drug complies with state rules. New Jersey will become the 14th state to allow therapeutic use of marijuana, and the number is likely to grow. Illinois and New York, among others, are considering new laws." But there are not many clinical trials to show solid data on how successful such use of the plant is to helping patients. "A recent American Medical Association review found fewer than 20 randomized, controlled clinical trials of smoked marijuana for all possible uses.

Should Women Decide Whether Or Not To Eat And Drink During Labor

Women should be allowed to eat and drink what they want during labour, say Cochrane Researchers. The researchers carried out a systematic review of studies examining the traditional practice of restricting food and fluid intake during labour and found no evidence for any risk or benefit for women at low risk of complications. Throughout much of the last century, eating and drinking during labour was considered dangerous and many maternity units operated "nil by mouth" policies or restricted what women in labour were allowed to eat and drink, regardless of women's preferences. This was largely due to concerns about possibly fatal damage to the lungs caused by "Mendelson's syndrome", where particles of regurgitated food are inhaled under general anaesthetic during Caesarean sections.

Society Of Interventional Radiology Supports Treatment For Painful Spine Fractures: Patient Selection Key

Given the current controversy over vertebroplasty -- a minimally invasive treatment performed by interventional radiologists in individuals with painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures that fail to respond to conventional medical therapy -- what's a patient to do? Trust your medical team to decide if you are an appropriate candidate for vertebroplasty and trust the experience of hundreds of thousands of other patients who have undergone the spine treatment successfully and received life-improving effects, says the Society of Interventional Radiology. "Hundreds of thousands of patients have greatly benefited from vertebroplasty with almost complete resolution of their pain;

Dentist's Drills Could Be Replaced By Painless Plasma Jets

Plasma jets capable of obliterating tooth decay-causing bacteria could be an effective and less painful alternative to the dentist's drill, according to a new study published in the February issue of the Journal of Medical Microbiology. Firing low temperature plasma beams at dentin - the fibrous tooth structure underneath the enamel coating - was found to reduce the amount of dental bacteria by up to 10, 000-fold. The findings could mean plasma technology is used to remove infected tissue in tooth cavities - a practice that conventionally involves drilling into the tooth. Scientists at the Leibniz-Institute of Surface Modifications, Leipzig and dentists from the Saarland University, Homburg, Germany, tested the effectiveness of plasma against common oral pathogens including Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei.

What Is Repetitive Strain Injury RSI ? What Causes Repetitive Strain Injury?

Repetitive strain injury or RSI, also known as repetitive stress injury, repetitive motion injuries, repetitive motion disorder (RMD), cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), occupational overuse syndrome, overuse syndrome, and regional musculoskeletal disorder is a range of painful or uncomfortable conditions of the muscles, tendons, nerves and other soft tissues. RSI is usually caused by repetitive use of a certain part of the body, often somewhere in the upper limbs (arms). Repetitive strain injury is typically related to an occupation (job), but may also be linked to some kinds of leisure activity. As opposed to a sudden or 'normal' injury, RSI signs and symptoms may continue for much longer.

Wyeth Consumer Healthcare Withdraws Its Marketing Authorisation Application For Ibuprofen Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride Wyeth

The European Medicines Agency has been formally notified by Wyeth Consumer Healthcare of its decision to withdraw its application for a centralised marketing authorisation for the medicine Ibuprofen/Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride Wyeth 200 mg/25 mg soft capsules. This medicine was intended to be used for the short-term treatment of mild to moderate pain in adults who experience sleeplessness as a result of the pain. The application for the marketing authorisation for Ibuprofen/Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride Wyeth was submitted to the Agency on 4 December 2008. At the time of the withdrawal, it was under review by the Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP).

Study Reveals Predictors Of Long-term Opioid Use For Back Pain

Despite limited evidence of long-term success in using opioid pain medications for chronic low back pain, opioid prescribing has increased in recent years for back pain and other non-cancer pain indications. The implications are controversial as published studies provide little evidence indicating which patients will benefit from long-term opioid treatment. New research, published in The Journal of Pain, identifies predictors of long-term opioid use among patients with chronic back pain caused by lumbar spine conditions. Participants were recruited from 13 spine specialty centers in 11 states and totaled 2, 110. Forty-two percent reported using opioids for pain from their spine condition and a third said they take opioids every day.

Study Probes Limb-loss Pain Outcomes In Men And Women

With increasing numbers of men and women serving in combat and risking traumatic injury and limb loss, a new study published in The Journal of Pain, the peer-reviewed publication of the American Pain Society, concludes that self-reported amputation-specific pain severity is similar in men and women but there are considerable gender variations in overall pain outcomes, such as emotional health and pain-coping responses. Although the medical literature has abundant information on gender differences in pain severity and coping, little is known on how men and women may differ in living with limb-loss pain. Researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine evaluated survey responses from 335 adults with amputated limbs to investigate sex differences in pain intensity, interference with daily activities and pain-related coping.

Smaller Doses Of Acetaminophen Considered To Improve Safety

The pain reliever acetaminophen is one of the safest and most effective drugs on the market. It's often recommended instead of aspirin as a day-to-day pain reliever because it's much easier on the stomach than other over-the-counter options and is considered safe when taken properly. But taken in too high a dose, acetaminophen can damage the liver and perhaps cause liver failure. The January issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource covers safety concerns and proposed changes in maximum doses. Over-the-counter acetaminophen often is associated with the brand-name drug Tylenol. It's also present in other products to treat headaches, cold and flu symptoms, sinus problems, sleeplessness, arthritis and menstrual cramps.

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