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Neuroscientists Hope To Get People Walking Again

Neuroscience researchers at the University of Louisville will be the only team collaborating with an international group of scientists that last week announced they had enabled paralyzed rats to walk while supporting their own weight. Dr. Susan Harkema, the University of Louisville's Owsley Brown Frazier Chair in Neurological Rehabilitation, rehabilitation director at the university's Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (KSCIRC) and the director of research at Frazier Rehab Institute, is evaluating how to translate into humans the success accomplished in the animals. "We have been collaborating with this particular group of researchers for a number of years, " Harkema said.

What Is Frozen Shoulder? What Causes Frozen Shoulder? What Is Adhesive Capsulitis?

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a common condition in which the articular shoulder capsule (a sac of ligaments surrounding the joint) swells and stiffens, restricting its mobility. It typically affects only one shoulder, but one in five cases affect both. The term "frozen shoulder" is often used incorrectly for arthritis, even though the two conditions are unrelated. Frozen shoulder refers specifically to the shoulder joint, while arthritis may refer to other/multiple joints. The shoulder has a spheroidal joint (ball - and - socket joint), in which the round part of one bone fits into the concavity of another. The proximal humerus (round head of the upper arm bone) fits into socket of the scapula (shoulder blade).

Report Shows Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy May Improve Arm Use In Children With Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy

Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a potentially effective form of intervention for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy, but more research is needed, according to a new systematic review published in the November issue of Physical Therapy (PTJ), the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). The review, which analyzed 21 intervention studies and 2 systematic reviews, concluded that further research should focus on the frequency, duration, and type of constraint used to treat the affected limb. Similar gains may be achieved when both arms are used together during therapy, but there have not as yet been sufficient studies that compare these two types of physical therapy.

Physical Therapy Students From Across The Nation Gather To Move Profession And Careers Forward

Physical therapy students from across the nation will learn the latest in physical therapist research and treatment techniques during the American Physical Therapy Association's (APTA's) 17th Annual National Student Conclave (NSC) at the Hyatt Regency Miami in Miami, FL, October 30 - November 1, 2009. "This conference gives students critical information at a formative stage in their careers, " said APTA Student Assembly President Nate Thomas, PT. "By providing each student with the opportunity to network with leaders in the profession, we are helping them transition into the work force and make the kinds of choices that will advance the profession in the coming years.

Improving The Lives Of Torture Victims From Around The World

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has announced its selection of Dr. Uwe Jacobs, clinical and executive director of Survivors International, San Francisco, to receive a Community Health Leaders Award. He is one of 10 extraordinary Americans to receive the RWJF honor for 2009 at a ceremony at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C. Jacobs has provided therapeutic care to more than 1, 000 individuals who have experienced torture. He is also a leader in efforts to officially recognize and define gender-based violence as torture. "Dr. Jacobs has organized an outstanding interdisciplinary team of individuals from the health professions and the legal profession to help victims of torture to heal and rebuild their lives, " said Janice Ford Griffin, national program director for the award.

GE Healthcare Installs Russia's First GE High-definition CT Scanner At Moscow's Center Of Medical Rehabilitation

GE Healthcare, a unit of General Electric Company (NYSE:GE), announced the installation of Russia's first high-definition computed tomography (CT) scanner, GE Healthcare's flagship Discovery CT750HD, at the Center of Medical Rehabilitation by the Russian Ministry of Health in Moscow led by Professor Konstantin V. Lyadov. The Centre of Medical Rehabilitation is the first hospital in Russia to join leading hospitals around the globe in installing this powerful groundbreaking high-definition CT technology. The scanner sets a new standard for CT clarity, allowing clinicians to diagnose quickly and confidently using significantly less x-ray radiation than previous CT scanners.

Some Benefit In Team Rehab For Hip Surgery Patients

Older women who receive rehabilitation services after hip surgery from a variety of health care professionals as inpatients are slightly more likely to do better than those who receive usual hospital care, a new review shows. The authors suggest that such multidisciplinary rehabilitation also might help if applied in patient or caregiver homes. "Because hip fracture is so common, the possible improvement for these 10 percent of patients represents a large number of people, " said review co-author Dr. Ian Cameron at the University of Sydney in Australia. "The trend towards better functioning for people who had rehab is most important, especially since older people fear disability as a result of hip fracture.

More Research Needed On Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury And Vestibular Pathology In US Military Service Members

Physical therapists are calling for definitive vestibular screenings and assessment measures for US military service members with blast-induced traumatic brain injuries (BITBI). According to a Perspective in the September issue of Physical Therapy, the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), vestibular rehabilitation must be included as part of successful treatment for those who have been injured by blasts and experience vestibular symptoms such as vertigo, gaze instability, and motion intolerance. "Because vestibular pathology affects the individual's balance and sense of motion, definitive treatment guidelines could have a tremendous impact on the success of rehabilitation for a patient with BITBI, " says lead researcher US Army Captain and APTA member Matthew R.

Physical Therapists Play Integral Role In Prevention, Risk Reduction, And Treatment Of Painful And Often Irreversible Side Effect Of Cancer Treatment

As breast cancer awareness month is observed during October, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is hoping to shine a spotlight on lymphedema, a chronic, debilitating and often irreversible side effect of cancer treatment. According to APTA, breast cancer patients who seek the services of a physical therapist can reduce their risk of lymphedema, as it can be prevented or more effectively managed if caught in its earliest stages and treated by a physical therapist. APTA is launching this effort as it kicks off National Physical Therapy Month in October to educate the public about the important role physical therapists and physical therapist assistants play in health care.

Hand Use For Wounded Soldiers Improved By Bioengineering Of Nerve-Muscle Connection

Modern tissue engineering developed at the University of Michigan could improve the function of prosthetic hands and possibly restore the sense of touch for injured patients. Researchers presented their updated findings at the 95th annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. The research project, which was funded by the Department of Department of Defense, arose from a need for better prosthetic devices for troops wounded in Afghanistan and Iraq. "Most of these individuals are typically using a prosthesis design that was developed decades ago, " says Paul S. Cederna, M.D., a plastic and reconstructive surgeon at U-M Health System and associate professor of surgery at the U-M Medical School.

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