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Eczema - Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Eczema is an inflamed state of the skin. It is also known as Atopic Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis. Eczema is commonly heard of in children. Almost 10-20% children around the world suffer from Eczema rash before they turn 5 years old.

Eczema Symptoms:

Eczema is a rash which appears on the skin in the form of red patches. It may occur differently from person to person. Eczema is harshly itchy and irritable. It may appear at any part of the body. In infants it develops on cheeks, forehead, neck, forearms, legs and scalp. In children and adults eczema may occur on the face, neck, elbows, knees and ankles. Eczema is not contagious. In some cases eczema may ooze and in other it remains dry and itchy. Itching and scratching may provide temporary relief but becomes worse later. In children eczema condition becomes better as they age.

Causes of Eczema

Eczema is inherited but not contagious so it cannot be chased from. Eczema can be triggered by any of the following factors;

Any kind of cloth/material that comes into contact and reacts with the skin and causes itchiness.
Reaction to extremely hot weather may cause an outbreak
Soaps or detergents may contain chemical agents which can cause irritation like that of eczema
Juices from fruit peels, acidic foods, dairy products or animal saliva may become sensitive to skin and result in eczema
Stress and allergies like asthma can trigger of an existing eczema case.

Eczema Prevention

Eczema can be prevented by taking the following measures;

Keep your skin moisturized
Avoid exposure to seasonal changes
Steer clear of sweating and harsh warm weathers
Be careful of materials your skin is sensitive to
Go for mild preparations of soaps, detergents and other cleaning agents your skin may be exposed to
Take measures to prevent from allergies like pollen, animal danders etc

Eczema Treatments

There is no particular cure for eczema, just some remedies you can apply to prevent the skin to become less irritable and itchy

Avoid warm baths, as they dehydrate the skin too
Use lotions, creams or petroleum jelly three times a day to avoid dryness
Especially after bathes keep your skin humid and supple
Do not scrub vigorously after a bath, just dab lightly with a cotton towel
Avoid wool and thick materials through which the air cannot pass, they may cause irritation and heat
Apply slightly wet cloth on the affected area to keep in cool and itch free
Make your child wear gloves of light material while going to bed so they wont scratch
The whole family should undergo allergy tests to find out which family member may be prone to eczema

For severe eczema cases use:

Corticosteroid also called steroid or cortisone creams and ointments and along with that oral antibiotics are necessary to cure infections and kill bacteria.
Antihistamines to help control the itches

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